Apr 07, 2015

I moved.

Thank you for all you’ve done.


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Apr 01, 2015

What do you see in the cherry blossom?

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The cherry blossom is beautifulfor only three or four days,but as high winds and stormy weather alweys seem to target that particular moment,no sooner have you begun to marvel at the cherry blossoms tthan they are gone.The japanese nonetheless plant these useless trees all over the country just these short three or four days of natural beauty.
The cherry tree attracts caterpillars,has a preposterously fat and twisted trunk,and itsbark is rugged.
Were it not for the blossoms,it's the kind of tree you would happily uproot.But the japanese regard the three or four days when the blossoms come out as priceless.Projecting human life onto the blossom that falls gracefully after a brief span of only three of four days,they contrive to see in it a beauty of a different order toany other flower.That is wey the japanese hoil the "As among flowers the cherry is queen,so among men the samurai is hold,"and habe even made it into their national flower.

So today,I was looking forward to cherry-blossom viewing, but the rain spoiled it...


Oct 16, 2014

Ebola healthcare workers

Health workers on the Ebola frontline are and always have been at the highest risk of contracting the disease. Ebola becomes more contagious the sicker patients get. By the time they are in the care of doctors and nurses, patients have become a serious danger to the lives of those treating, washing and attempting to rehydrate them.

But in countries such as the US and Spain, which have sophisticated healthcare systems and well-equipped hospitals, healthcare workers should be safe. It is shocking that workers in Spain and now Texas have contracted Ebola from patients they were treating.

As Médecins sans Frontières has proved, it is possible to keep health workers safe even in the difficult setting of west Africa, where an isolation ward can be no more than an area behind a canvas tent flap. The vital elements are vigilance and strict adherence to the rules.

The Texas health worker was reportedly wearing full protective gear – gown, gloves, mask and shield – while providing care for the patient who later died. Either that equipment failed or correct procedures were not followed.

Personal protective suits keep the virus off the body but removing them safely is a skill in itself. It is possible to transfer the virus from the outside of the suit on to the hands. From there it takes a moment’s thoughtlessness to touch the face. The virus enters the body through eyes, nose or mouth or any abrasion on the skin.

In Africa it is so much harder to be safe. The suits are hot, there are not enough available, and doctors and nurses are hard-pressed because there are too few of them to cope with the soaring number of cases. In Liberia there was a critical health worker shortage even before Ebola broke out. Fear over dangerous working conditions was as strong a motivation for recent strikes as very low pay. The government in June doubled the pay of nurses because of the hazard, but was told by the World Bank to rescind the offer, which would have busted the health budget.

Better conditions for health workers in Africa are vital. That is going to have to involve increasing their number and improving training. There will still be, for a while, a shortage of experienced people to supervise and ensure procedures are followed. West Africa needs a great deal of help from the west.


Sep 22, 2014

Scottish independence referendum – what's next?

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What’s happened?
On 18 September 2014 the Scottish independence referendum took place and Scotland voted to stay part of the United Kingdom. Voters in Scotland were asked to answer Yes or No to the question “Should Scotland be an independent country?” 55.3% voted No and 44.7% voted Yes. 84.6% of the electorate participated in this historic vote to decide Scotland’s future.

What happens now?
Scotland will remain as part of the United Kingdom, with its own Parliament. The UK and Scottish governments will continue to make the changes to the powers of the Scottish Parliament that were agreed in the Scotland Act 2012.
On 19 September, Prime Minister David Cameron announced that Lord Smith of Kelvin has agreed to oversee the process to take forward the devolution commitments on further powers for the Scottish Parliament by the three pro-union parties.

What are the next powers to be devolved?
As laid out in the Scotland Act 2012, further devolution of financial powers to the Scottish Parliament will come into effect from April 2015 and April 2016. The next powers to be devolved are:

1. Stamp duty land tax and landfill tax
From April 2015, Scottish government legislation will replace stamp duty land tax and landfill tax in Scotland with the Land and Buildings Transaction Tax and Scottish Landfill Tax Revenue. Scotland will become responsible for the collection of the new taxes.

2. Extending borrowing powers
From April 2015, current borrowing powers of up to £500 million will be extended and a new Scottish cash reserve will be created to help manage the new tax receipts.

3. New capital borrowing power
From April 2015, there will be a new £2.2 billion capital borrowing power for the Scottish Parliament, with a limited version of the power in place from April 2013 to allow the Scottish government to fund £100 million of pre-payments for the Forth Road Crossing.

4. Scottish rate of income tax
A new Scottish rate of income tax will come into force in April 2016. This means the Scottish Parliament will set a new Scottish rate – with no upper or lower limit - which will apply equally to all of the reduced main UK income tax rates.

How does the result affect me?
Scotland will continue to be part of the United Kingdom family of nations. More of the decisions that matter to Scots will be taken in Scotland, backed up by the strength, stability and security of the United Kingdom.

How can I find out more?
Find out more about the Scottish devolution settlement
Read more about Scotland’s place within the UK in Scotland in the UK.



Sep 19, 2014

The Japanese will save the world

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Japan must not become one of those vulgar countries that see nothing objectionable inn single-minded money worship.We must work to preserve the dignity of our nation.No matter if the price is century-lomg economic decline,we musut stand aloof,we must dare to be different.The economy is not the be-all and end-all.
It may take time, but I believe that it is the Japanese, and no one else, who are now capable of saving the world.

will be the key to help the human rece achieve uts long-cherished dream of abolishing war.That is Japan’s sacred mission.


Sep 06, 2014

The elderly who need help

The rapid aging of Japan’s population has created a situation in which more than half the elderly people who are incapacitated and live in their own homes are being cared for by other elderly family members. In some cases, the caretakers become physically exhausted and stressed out as they work alone to help their loved ones.

Financially strained social security programs such as nursing care insurance do not provide sufficient help. Multiple layers of support, including community-level efforts, are needed to avoid isolating both the senior citizens needing care and those looking after them.

The nursing care insurance system introduced in 2000 was intended to relieve families of such a burden and provide nursing care as part of a social security program. However, care for the incapacitated elderly people today still appears to rely greatly on family members — in many cases, elderly spouses. Nursing care services are available under the insurance program, but people need to first apply and, depending on their conditions, be certified as needing care. Reports show that many elderly people — especially men — tend to prefer to be cared for by family members.

In addition to worrying about the health conditions of the elderly, many family member caretakers are also concerned about their own state of health, the health ministry survey shows. They are also troubled by household financial conditions and by their relations with other family members. They feel that they have no time to spare for themselves.

In recent years, there have been large numbers of tragic incidents in which elderly people who had been caring for family members for years ended up abusing or killing those they were caring for — or committed murder-suicide — after they became exhausted and stressed out by the heavy burden. In many of these cases they reportedly lived alone with the victims.

Some elderly households may not be able to afford medical and nursing care services, or they may not have people they can turn to for information about what public services are available. Various forms of public welfare support are provided only after the authorities have been alerted to the needs of specific families.

Elderly people who have little interaction with their neighbors may keep their problems to themselves without asking for help, further exacerbating the situation. Local authorities need to make proactive efforts to ensure that such households do not become socially isolated and to let them know that help is available if they ask for it.


Sep 05, 2014

Pre-employment examinations

Increasingly, employees are holding their employers liable for injuries sustained while on the job. This responsibility extends far beyond workers' compensation and can run into hundreds of thousands of dollars in complicated lawsuits and insurance claims, in addition to man-hours lost to administrative legal tasks. Considering that a court case may drag on for months or years, that can add up to a considerable sum one with which most companies are loathe to part, particularly if the suit is preventable.

It is not surprising that companies are looking at pre-employment testing as a means of keeping accidents and injuries at bay. Theoretically, an employee who is physically matched to the job is less likely to sustain an injury. Thus, if an employer could determine who is physically best-suited to a position, he could reduce the likelihood of on-the-job injuries.

At issue for the safety field are whether the tests are task-appropriate and how accurate they are in predicting predisposition to physical injury.

Pre-employment tests run the gamut from complete physicals to narrowly tailored exams that test for strength, cardiovascular endurance, drugs or alcohol. Which test is used depends on what the employer wants to discover.


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